With the first warm days of spring, in villages all over Turkey, families begin to think about moving to their summer residences on the cool summer pastures called yaylas.
The yayla, or meadow, high in the mountains, provides a different pace of life during the hot months and ensures sufficient grazing for the herds of sheep, goats and cattle.
The migration from winter village to summer encampment is a legacy from the days when Anatolia was populated by nomadic and semi-nomadic people. Although the yayla's importance as a refuge from mosquitos and malaria is no longer relevant, the annual migration still secures new food sources for the animals, and offers villagers relief from the sweltering heat of the lowlands and coastal areas.
Everything required for the summer must be carried to the yayla and this make enthusiastic and exhaustive preparations necessary.
Clothes, tents, furniture, cooking equipment and bedding are all packed and loaded into cars and trucks for the long drive to the often remote location. Herds of cattle, sheep and goats make the slow trek on foot guided by boys and young men. Season after season, each village moves to its own particular pasture land.
After reaching the yayla, the convoy disperses, with the families setting up their own tents. In some areas, the Black Sea Region for instance, the summer settlements are made of permanent structures, each family moving into their own wooden chalet year after year.
Once everything has been arranged, the villagers adapt quickly to the different pace of life during summer in the yayla.
The whole family wakes up at first light. The men tend with the herds, while the women attend to such domestic chores as preparing meals, making cheese and gathering plants for dyeing wool.
The children help out in all the activities on the yayla. After the women have milked the animals, it is time to turn the milk into yogurt and butter.
When the men and boys return in the afternoon, the families gather to enjoy their main meal, often comprised of hot cracked-wheat based dishes accompanied by ayran, a delicious drink of salted yogurt diluted with water, as they relate the day's activities. In the evenings the yayla comes to life in a spontaneous gathering to sing traditional songs, enjoy folk music and dance, and recount hilarious jokes and long stories.
The attraction of the quality of life on the yayla is so rooted in village tradition, that even those who do not earn their living from farming make the yearly pilgrimage.
Today, the encroachment of modern life on the yaylas is carefully monitored so that the essential character of this way of life is preserved. The permanent housing, that is gradually replacing the black goat hair tents, is designed to blend in harmoniously with the natural environment, while offering the conveniences of modern life.
In some yaylas houses with kitchens, running water and electricity stand next to a wide expanse of black tents. The arrival of shops stocked with provisions and other necessities means that it is no longer necessary to bring all provisions from town.
The construction of new roads makes the journey to these remote locations much shorter and less arduous than in former days. Indeed, public transportation services are available on some of the more accessible summer plateaux.
Tourism on Yayla?
Time spent on the yayla is particularly suited to a holiday of relaxation and the enjoyment of nature. You wake up each morning startled at the tranquility and heart-stopping splendour of the surrounding landscapes.
Whatever your interest - butterflies, wild flowers, birds or other animals - leisurely walks in the rolling meadows and through the pine forests will provide a welcome change from city life.
In surroundings free, from the harsh glare of urban lights, star-gazing takes on a new meaning.
For those who want a more active holiday than strolling through tranquil pastures and capturing magnificent views on camera, the yaylas can offer more energetic activities. You could try grass skiing on the vast meadows! trekking or mountain-climbing. In some areas white-water rafting is possible.
After exerting yourself to the desired degree, you can enjoy the simple but exquisite fare of yayla meals. Fresh milk, cheese, honey, butter, bread, hot yogurt soup, nourishing stews and wheat dishes satisfy even the most sophisticated palate.
In the evening you, too, can settle down to the community and friendship of an open fire, songs and long tales.
Where abouts in turkey is yaylas,sound bliss.
Hi Joan welcome to the forums!
The Black Sea Region offers a wealth of summer encampments in the lush mountains which ring the coast and is a superb destination if you are interested in the variety of wildlife in Turkey.
It is almost commonplace to see eagles, falcons, hawks, woodcocks, weasels, rabbits, squirrels, pine martens, wild goats, mountain goats, foxes and even wolves, wild boars and bears.
The Yaylas of Sinop
The Guzfindik-Bozarmut Yayla lies 35 km southwest of the village of Yenikent at an altitude of 1350 m. A dirt road from the coast leads you up to the idyllic plateau. Arrangements can be made for one of the vehicles at Gerze which transport villagers to the remote summer camps.
Good asphalt roads make the journey to the Turkeli Kurugol Yayla a pleasant one. In the Turkeli district at an altitude of 800 m, some degree of modern comfort has reached the yayla with the arrival of electricity ;)
The Yaylas of Ordu
The Persembe Yayla, at 1350 m, is 124 km away from the coastal town of Ordu and can be reached on paved roads. Conveniences include electricity, PTT services as well as shops for provisions. In July, the summer residents host a local fair with folk dancing, exhibitions and a wrestling contest. This is a superb occasion to sample the flavour of local customs.
58km south of Ordu province, at 1250 m, the Cambasi Yayla provides the visitor with shops, guest houses and, in case of emergency, mobile health care units. After following a paved road for 21 km, you turn off onto a dirt road for the final 37 km.
Within the Igdir forest, 134 km from Ordu and 20 km from the town of Mesudiye, the Ordu-Keyfalan Yayla lies at an altitude of 2000 m, and transportation is provided by dolmus in summer.
A shopping centre run by the forest management department ensures that visitors can obtain, all the necessary provisions. Electricity and a rest house with 12 beds are also available.
The Akkus Argin Yayla is also located in the Ordu province.
The Yaylas of Giresun
The Bektas Yayla, 58 km away from Giresun and at an altitude of 2000 m, offers a two-star hotel as well as a shopping centre.
In order to reach the Kumbet Yayla, follow the 30 km paved road to Dereli from where a dirt road continues for 22 km. The yayla which stretches across high pasture land at an altitude of 1640 metres has a small lodge with 10 beds, shops and a health clinic.
Every year on the second Sunday in July, the villagers hold their summer festivities.
Facilities for tourists are being prepared in other nearby summer pastures including the Yavuz-Kemal, the Sis Dagi, the Alucra town's Anastos, the Yaglždere towns Cakrak, the Melikli valley and the Hanalani yaylas.
The Yaylas of Trabzon
Lying at 1700 m the Macka-Solma Yayla is 50 km from Trabzon and 22 km away from the town of Macka. Commercial vehicles provide transportation to this remarkable location. Electricity, telephone and shops are all available on the yayla.
24 km south of Tonya, the Erikbeli Yayla is situated at an altitude of 1800 m. Commercial vehicles can take you to the green pastures which are nestled in the mountains that ring the Black Sea. Electricity, telephone and shops ensure your comfort while visiting.
To reach the Karadag Yayla follow the road between Akcaabat on the Black Sea Coast and the inland village of Duzkoy for 12 km and then turn west on a dirt road for 28 km. Transportation by commercial vehicles is also available, as are the modern conveniences of electricity, telephone and shops.
At 1250 m, Caykara-Uzungol, a small summer encampment 20 km from the town of Caykara, is known for its beautiful meadows and magnificent landscapes. A pristine lake, in which fish are farmed, lies surrounded by mountainside, and the are offers excellent opportunities for trekking. Tourist facilities include a modest lodge with 55 beds, wooden bungalows, restaurants, electricity, PTT services and a health clinic.
Excursions to Uzungol by taxi can be arranged from Trabzon.
The following yaylas - Hidirnebi, Kurucam, Macka-Mavura, Macka-Cakirgol, Kiraz, Lapazan, Sazalani, Sis Dagi, Kadirga, Catma Obasi, Duzkoy - are also found in this region and offer a fascinating glimpse of traditional Black Sea Region culture.
The Yaylas of Rize
The Ayder Yayla, 17 km from Camlihemsin, rests at an altitude of 1350 m. Electricity, PTT services, a health clinic, many guest houses and shops ensure a comfortable visit. The naturally hot (50 C) waters of the local thermal spring provide added relaxation, and cure various diseases.
22 km from Camlihemsin at an altitude of 2300 m is the Yukari Kavron Tourism Center.
Lying 76 km from the city of Rize at an altitude of 3000 metres, the area includes such modern facilities as electricity, PTT services and shops.
The Yaylas of Artvin
Artvin province offers those looking for adventure and sport a wide variety of activities. White-water rafting, hunting and rock climbing are among the recreational possibilities in this northeast corner of Turkey.
Every year during the third week of June, tourists from all over the world as well as the local inhabitants congregate at the Kafkasor festival to watch bull fights, folk displays and wrestling competitions. Crowds of brightly clad yayla residents thrill to watch pairs of bulls battle each other in a show of strength. At an altitude of 1560 m, these summer pastures lie 9 km from Artvin and can be reached by bus from town.
A well-established tourist attraction, the tourism center offers electricity, PTT services as well as 22 bungalows with 80 beds.
53 km from Yusufeli at an elevation of 3200 m is the Yusufeli-Kackar Tourism Center - Yaylalar Village. A narrow, winding road leads to the village which boasts electricity, PTT services and water as well as overnight accommodation and shops. A 9 km walk takes you to a wide expanse of meadows and forests high in the Kackar mountains.
This is an ideal location for hunting as well as mountain climbing and high plateau tourism.
Those wishing to climb to the summit of Kackar Mountain can replenish their supplies at the Yaylalar village and hire mules to go up to the 3328 meter high Dilber Duzu. This camping site offers the closest lodging to the summit. If you wish to attempt an ascent, be sure you hire a guide to lead you. Many wild animals such as lynx, bear, ibex, wolf, fox and jackal can be seen in the region.
The Ardanuc-Bilbilan, Sahara and Mersivan yaylas in the Artvin province are planned to be opened up for tourism.
The Gumushane Yaylasi
On the road between Trabzon and Bayburt, 4 km east of the Zigana Tunnel, the longest in Turkey, is the Zigana Yayla. At an altitude of 2032 m, the yayla is equipped with lodgings, electricity, water and communication system. In the winter the area boasts the Zigana ski center.
Other yaylas in the province include Altintaslar and Cam Piknik.
The Yaylas of Bayburt
40 km southeast of Bayburt on the Askale road at an altitude of 2918 m is the Kop Mountain Yayla. Buses from Bayburt pass by the yayla, but if you want to linger in the clear cool summer breezes you should come prepared with sleeping bags and provisions.
The Yaylas of Turkey's southern coast lie high in the Taurus Mountains. Providing refuge from the intense summer heat and ample grazing for the domestic animals, these pastures and meadows are rich in a variety of vegetation and wildlife.
The Yaylas of Antalya
The Finike-Ordubek Yayla lies at an altitude of 1100 m and is reached after 41 km of forest routes and 6 km of mountain climbs.
Although the yayla has a wealth of flora, it lacks touristic infrastructure and visitors should bring their own equipment and provisions.
The Serik-Nanali and Ovacik Yaylas, north of Antalya, at 800-1000 m in altitude, can be reached by two different routes which both combine asphalt surfaces, dirt roads and trekking. There are no tourist facilities at the elevated pasture lands but those who accomplish the journey are well rewarded with a splendid view.
The Antalya province also includes the Beskonak, Selvenin Gorde, Derekoy, Donme, Ucoluk, Pisar, Ibradi yaylas.
The Yaylas of Icel
The Mersin-Gozne Yayla, only 28 km from the provincial capital, has facilities which include a health clinic, electricity, water and shops, as well as lodging rooms.
Similarly, the Mersin-Mihrican Yayla, which lies 50 km from Mersin provides the same full range of conveniences.
50 km along the road from Mersin to Konya, at an altitude of 1500 m, the Mut-Sertavul Yayla boasts a complete touristic infrastructure.
The Namrun (Camliyayla)- Sebil Yayla at an elevation of 1300 m offers electricity, water, shops and lodgings.
Other yaylas include the Tarsus-Golek, Mut-Kozlar, Mersin-Ayvagedigi, Mersin-Bekiralani, Kas, Abanoz and Akpinar yaylas.
The Yaylas of Adana
The great agricultural plain surrounding Adana is the breadbasket of Turkey, a fertile region heavily cultivated with fields, gardens and orchards. The intense summer heat, however, makes it essential for farmers with sheep, cattle and goats to move their herds to the higher elevations for cool temperatures and fresh grazings.
Around 300 yaylas, of different sizes, dot the mountain plateau in the region of Adana, and here you can observe the traditional summer migration as well as escape from the heat of the Cukurova plain.
A good paved road stretches all the way to the Tozan-Horzum Yayla, 22 km from the town of Kozan. Fast developments in construction have given this summer encampment a town-like aspect. It has electricity, telephone and a health clinic as well as fully stocked shops.
Only 7 km from Pozanti, the Pozanti-Tekir Yayla lies just off the e-90 highway making it very accessible to tourists. Organised bus excursions tour the area and most of the infrastructure necessary for tourism has been established.
Projects are underway to develop the are for mountain sports; economic revitalisation is also seen in the recently established wild goat farm.
Both the Zorkun and Olukbasi Yaylas lie in the area surrounding the town of Osmaniye. The Olukbasi yayla is 16 km out of town and the Zorkun lies 26 km southeast, and any type of vehicle can provide the transportation. Both yaylas are equipped with electricity and a telephone service, and the Zorkun Yayla also houses a health clinic.
Well-tended and abundant vegetable gardens provide a change of scene from the tranquil beauty of the surrounding forest and the numerous streams and natural springs.
The Feke-Indere Yayla lies high in the mountains 59 km from the town of Feke at an elevation of 1500 m. A road leads you to the encampment which is provided with electricity, telephone and a health clinic.
The 27 km journey from Karaisali on a mostly unpaved road takes you to the Karaisali-Kizildag Yayla and the neighboring Ardicolugu Yayla, plateaux of splendid natural beauty. Electricity and telephones are the modern conveniences available.
Among the 300 yaylas in the province of Adana are the Aladag-Agcakise, Baspinar, Bici-Kosurga, Kadirli, Armutoglu, Tufanbeyli, Korebeli, Obruk, Kozan-«ulluusagi village, Saimbeyli-Catak, Aladag village and Meydan yaylas.
The Yaylas of Hatay
An 8 km asphalt road from the town of Belen brings you to the Guzel Yayla (Sogukoluk); 4 km further is the Nergizlik Yayla. Facilities important for visitors include electricity, telephones and shops.
Minibuses travel the paved road that stretches from Antakya to the Samandagi-Teknepinar Yayla where electricity, telephones and shops are available.
The Dortyol-Cokek Yayla lies only 8 km from the coastal town of Dortyol on the Gulf of Iskenderun. A stabilized road brings you to the summer retreat which is furnished with electricity, telephones and a water supply, as well as shops.
Another road takes you to the Dortyol-Topaktas Yayla. 16 km from Dortyol. This provides an excellent base for trekking excursions.
Shops where one can buy provisions for such excursions, as well as the modern conveniences of electricity, telephone, and a water supply are available.
I have much more information if anybody is interested in a specific excursion.
Merv all this sounds lovely,i can,t wait to have the time to see some of these places.Thanks for the info.Joan
The Gumushane Yaylasi
On the road between Trabzon and Bayburt, 4 km east of the Zigana Tunnel, the longest in Turkey, is the Zigana Yayla. At an altitude of 2032 m, the yayla is equipped with lodgings, electricity, water and communication system. In the winter the area boasts the Zigana ski center
not only Zigana Yaylasi there r lots famous Yaylas there
Kadirga Yaylasi, Kazikbeli Yaylasi , Guvende Yaylasi
i m orginally from Gumushane and been all these Yaylas. and there r sum festivals in this month.
There seems to be a growing interest in the more rural areas of Turkey.
If anyone is interested in experiencing "the real" Turkey, then let me know by PM.
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