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Old 21st April 2009, 09:17   #1 (permalink)
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Turkish - English Food Translations

just some info on turk food for when you are shopping you may find usefull....
print it off...

SPICE LIST
Allspice -- Yenibahar
Aniseed -- Anason
Basil -- Fesleğen
Bay leaves -- Defne
Black Pepper -- Karabiber
Celery Powder -- Kereviz Tozu
Cinnamon(stick) -- Tarçın-çubuk
Cinnamon(powder)-- Toz Tarçın
Cloves -- Karanfil
Coriander -- Kisnis
Cress -- Tere
Cumin -- Kimyon
Currant -- Kusüzümü
Curry powder -- Köri
Dill -- Dereotu
Garlic powder -- Toz Sarımsak
Ginger -- Zencefil
Mint -- Nane
Nutmeg -- muskat
Onion salt -- Toz Soğan
Paprika -hot -- Pul Kırmızı Biber
Parsley -- Maydanoz
Pine nut -- Dolmalık Fıstık
Rosemary -- Biberiye
Saffron -- Safran
Sage -- Adaçayı
Sesame seeds -- Susam
Tarragon -- tarhun
Thyme -- Kekik
Vanilla -- Vanilya
White Pepper -- Beyaz Toz Biber

GROCERY LIST
Bread: ekmek
bottle: sise
butter: tereya&g
flour: un
cheese: peynir
coffee: kahve
egg: yumurta
ice cream: dondurma
jam: reçel
margarine: margarin
milk: süt
lawfat milk: ya&gsiz süt, diyet süt or light süt
olive: zeytin
black olive: siyah zeytin
green olive: yesil zeytin
olive oil: zeytinya&g
macaroni: makarna
pickles: tursu
rice: pirinç
salt: tuz
sugar: seker
tea: çay
water: su
mineral water: soda or madensuyu
yoghurt: yo&gurt
Boneless: kemiksiz
Breast (for chicken): gö&güs or tavuk bonfile
Chicken: Tavuk
Chicken thigh: tavuk budu
Chicken wing: tavuk kanadi
Foreleg: kol
Ground beef: kiyma
Lamb: Kuzu
Large stew beef: gulas
Leg: but
No-fat, lean: ya&gsiz
Rib: pirzola
Rump roast: dana nuar
Small stew beef: kusbasi
Steak: antirkot biftek
Tenderloin: bonfile
Veal, beef: Dana

VEGETABLES
vegetable: sebze
artichokes: enginar
asparagus: kuskonmaz
bean: fasulye
Brussels sprout: Brüksel lahanasi
cabbage: lahana
carrot: havuç
cauliflower: karnibahar
corn: misir
cucumber: salatalik
eggplant: patlican
garlic: sarimsak
string bean: çali fasulye
green pepper: yesil biber
leek: pirasa
lettuce: marul, yesil salata
mushroom: mantar
okra: bamya
onion: so&gan
pea: bezelye
potato: patates
radish: turp
red pepper: kirmizi biber
tomato: domates
zucchini: kabal

FRUITS
fruit: meyva
apple: elma
apricot: kayisi
banana: muz
cherry: kiraz
sour or black cherry: visne (sour and darker, used for jam and juice)
grapefruit: greyfurt
melon: kavun
orange: portakal
peach: seftali
pear: armut
pineapple: ananas
pomegranate: nar
strawberry: çilek
tangerine: mandalina
watermelon: karpuz

FISH
Following are the list of fish still available and the season when they are the most delicious.

Barbunya (red mullet), from April to July

Çinekop (young of blue fish) after October

Çipura (gilt-head bream), all throughout the year. The most famous Aegean Sea fish. However recently it has been raised at sea farms, therefore you can meet both sea and culture Çipura. Obviously, sea Çipura is the most delicious.

Dil Bali&gi (sole) all throughout the year. Fried is recommended.

Fener bali&gi (angler fish) all throughout the year.

Gelincik bali&gi (rockling fish) from May to August. Also known as gaya fish among the Jewish community. With the belief that being the first fish eaten after starving at Sinai desert it is considered sacred. It is a tradition of Jews to cook this fish on Fridays.

Gümüs bali&gi (sand smelt) February, March

Hamsi (anchovy), from December to February. Although small, one of the most famous Black Sea fish. Delicious with various cooking styles such as frying, steaming etc.

iskorpit (scorpion fish), from May to July. Since it has poisonous thorns absolutely let the fisherman clean off.

istavrit (horse mackerel), all throughout the year. It is very enjoyable to catch this fish during spring and summer on the pavements of Bosphorus coasts.

izmarit (blotched picarel), from February to April. Again it is very enjoyable to catch this fish during spring and summer on the pavements of Bosphorus coasts

Kalkan (turbot), from February to April. A Black Sea fish. The ones weighing 4-5 kg. are eligible. For it has thick spine and fishbone always let fisherman clean off.

Karagöz (sea bream), all throughout the year. One of the most delicious fish of Turkish seas.

Kaya bali&gi (goby), all throughout the year.

Kefal (gray mullet) from January to March.

Kiliç bali&gi (sword fish), from August to April. One of the most delicious fish, but unfortunately it is almost impossible to find nowadays. Most fish served as Kiliç in the restaurants are shark or other white fish.

Kirlangiç (red gurnard), from April to September. One of the most precious fish soups of which is more than delicious.

Kofana (large bluefish), from September to January

Kolyoz (chub mackerel), from July to September

Levrek (sea bass), all throughout the year. This rare fish has recently been raised at sea farms; therefore you can meet both sea and culture sea bass. Of course sea levrek is more delicious.

Lüfer (bluefish), from September to January. The king of the Turkish seas.

Mercan (red sea bream), all throughout the year

Mezgit (whiting), all throughout the year. Can be seen on the stands of fish sellers almost every day.

Orfoz (grouper), all throughout the year

Orkinos (tuna fish), a kind of fish that cannot be seen on the stands of fishermen. They are used for canning purpose only

Palamut (bonito), from August to January. A black sea fish. Richer than other fish with vitamin A and D.

Sardalya (sardine), from July to October

Tekir (striped goat fish), from February to July

Torik (large bonito), from September to November

Uskumru (mackerel), from November to January. Once the most popular fish of Marmara! However now you can only find the imported Norwegian mackerel. Most of the fishermen try to convince you that chub mackerel they sell is mackerel. Don’t believe.

Zargana (garfish, garpike), March and April

GENERAL INFO
Döner; An old Turkish favorite. Compressed lamb and beef combination slowly spinning as it grilled on a vertical rotisserie by open flame. As it turns, the cone of meet is roasted by the flaved and then slowly carved down in very thin slices with a very long knife. Next the meat is served on pide with your choice of tasty tomato sauce, onions and lettuce, yo&gurt and by pilav.

Gözleme: A simple food however is very opten listed among the specialties in small eating spots. A very thin wrapped sheet of dough, similar to crepes baked on a curved sheet of metal and then filled with cheese and lettuce, potato, spinach, sausages. Also you can choose whether you want it with hot spices or not. It is served freshly made and can be covered with butter while warm. During weekends especially on Sundays, you can see old ladies opening the dough in the streets of Ortaköy and some other tourist areas.

Lahmacun: For sure you will see lahmacun somewhere. It is a delicious Turkish pizza, on a thin layer of pastry mince meat is spread - with tomato, onion, salt and parsley - spiced with red pepper from mild to hot. Suggest you rolling and then eat, other way you cannot even hold it straight. There is also findik (hazelnut) lahmacun which is much smaller than the original size and is usually served at the meat restaurants before the main dish.

Simit: A ring-shaped bread covered by sesame seeds is on the top rank among the simple pleasures in Turkish food. Simit can be found everywhere in Turkey being sold on the streets, sometimes displayed in small covered carts, sometimes on small stands, sometimes simply carried by a walking vendor, piled on his head. The simit, in spite of the slight variations in presentation, was always very light and rich in flavor, so much that usually you took it plain, as if it were a pastry. It makes an excellent resource for calming down the stomach in the middle of a hike, for example. Açma and çatal, usually displayed with simit, too worth the bite and the money.

Kokoreç: One of the favorite Turkish fast food made from sheep intestine. They put the meat with tomato, onion, and parsley into quarter or half bread. It is delicious! You can eat the best kokoreç in Kadiköy, Ortaköy and Balik Pazari.

Kumpir: Simply made from potatoes. Basically the potato is baked and cut then cheese and salt put into it and mixed. Later various kinds of food such as Russian salad, green and black olive, pickle, pea, mushroom, sausages, corn etc can be added according to your choice. Try once this delicious food, you won’t regret.

Köfte ekmek (meat balls & bread): One of the best foods you can find in the streets. Usually sold in mini vans. In the bread you can have onion, hot spice, tomato, salad, parsley, and of course meatballs. Usually it is added to quarter or half bread. The minivans are everywhere so you can find them easily and have a great meal in your car or while hanging around and they usually serve till dawn. But keep in mind that some may not be very hygienic

regards Keny.

Last edited by KKOB; 21st April 2009 at 20:11..
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Old 21st April 2009, 09:23   #2 (permalink)
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Re: turkish/english food

Useful post

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Old 21st April 2009, 09:36   #3 (permalink)
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Re: turkish/english food

great post Keny.
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Old 21st April 2009, 09:49   #4 (permalink)
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Re: turkish/english food

Very useful..particulary the fish translations..Thanks Keny
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Old 21st April 2009, 09:57   #5 (permalink)
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Re: turkish/english food

There are a few more fish translations in a post I did a while back.

Fish - Translations and Availability
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Old 21st April 2009, 21:33   #6 (permalink)
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Re: Turkish - English Food Translations

Very nice post Keny, especially the fish and the general info (there is always something to be learned !)
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Old 21st April 2009, 22:36   #7 (permalink)
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Re: Turkish - English Food Translations

Keny, a great post, but please be careful when posting information copy and pasted from other sources without giving reference or credit.

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Old 21st April 2009, 23:33   #8 (permalink)
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Re: Turkish - English Food Translations

Thanks for a great post Keny, I must try to print it and take it with me to Turkey. It should make shopping a lot easier, I waste so much time trying to guess whats what in the supermarket.

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Old 22nd April 2009, 07:13   #9 (permalink)
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Re: Turkish - English Food Translations

This is incrediable list for me. Thank you so much. I searched so many times But I couldn't find them essipecially spice list. I will be a crew of Royal Caribbean Cruise. These are so usefull for me. Thanks again..
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Old 24th April 2009, 06:35   #10 (permalink)
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Re: turkish/english food

Quote:
Originally Posted by KayaKoyuOldBoy View Post
There are a few more fish translations in a post I did a while back.

Fish - Translations and Availability
Yes, i saw that one and did a swedish translation of it too. Very useful post, thanks a lot
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